Key Terms for Ethics:
- Ethics: standards of behaviour the society wants to set; system of principles of what’s right & wrong, coming from moral values/ internal senses
- Ethical egoism: we should behave in a way that promotes our personal happiness, in the long run.
- Altruism: we should sacrifice our personal interests for those of others
- Utilitarianism: maximizing the overall benefit for everyone involved OR the proper course of action is one which maximises the overall “happiness”
- Moral duty: we do something because we know we should do it/ regardless of the benefit to self
- mens rea: guilty mind
- actus rea: guilty actions
- Kant’s Categorical Imperative: “Act only according to that maxim whereby you can, at the same time, will that it should become a universal law.”
- Consequentialism / Ultilitarianism
- Situational Ethics
- Duty Ethics / Emmanual Kant and the Categorical Imperative
- What according to utilitarianism makes an action morally right?
- What is the difference between utilitarianism and hedonism?
- What arguments can be used to defend utilitarianism?
- Why does utilitarianism sometimes recommend actions that go against conventional morality?
- How do we know what is morally correct?
- Is knowledge of morals like or unlike other areas of knowledge?
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